Agriculture In India » Problems with agriculture in india

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Agriculture In India » Problems with agriculture in india

Agriculture In India » Problems with agriculture in india
Agriculture In India » Problems with agriculture in india

Winter Crops

• It Is Sown In October-November And Harvested In March-April. For Example, Wheat, Barley, Gram, Peas, Lentils, Mustard Etc.

Cash Crop

• It Is Sown In June-July And Harvested In October. For Example, Rice, Maize, Cotton, Jowar, Sugarcane, Millet, Tobacco, Pulses Etc.

Zaid Crops

• It Is Sown In March And Harvested In May-June. Like- Cucumber, Cucumber, Watermelon, Melon Etc. Cash Crop Is A Crop That Is Grown By Farmers For Business Purposes. For Example, Cotton, Sugarcane, Jute, Tobacco Etc.

Jhum Cultivation

  • It Is A Volatile Type Of Agriculture Which Keeps On Shifting From One Place To Another.
  • This Agriculture Is Prevalent In The Northeastern States Like Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, Nagaland Etc. In This, The Land Is Cleared By Setting Fire To Forests, Cutting Down Trees.
  • After That This Land Is Cultivated. After 2-3 Years This Land Is Abandoned And New Land Is Prepared. In This Way, Forests Are Being Wiped Out One After The Other.
  • This Farming Is Harmful To The Environment Because Eliminating The Forests Disturbs The Environmental Balance.
  • Jhum Cultivation Is Also Done In Other Countries Of The World Where It Is Called By Different Names.

Jhum Farming Country 

Ladang Malaysia 

Changin Philippines

Milpa Mexico 

Konuko Venezuela

Masole Zaire Basin 

Chena Sri Lanka

State Wise Agricultural Productivity In India (In Descending Order) Production In Thousand Tonnes (In The Year 2009-10) 

  • Rice (1) West Bengal (2) Punjab (3) Uttar Pradesh 
  • Wheat (1) Uttar Pradesh (2) Punjab (3) Haryana 
  • Jowar (1) Maharashtra (2) Karnataka (3) Madhya Pradesh 
  • Bajra (1) Rajasthan (2) Uttar Pradesh (3) Haryana 
  • Mecca (Miaze) (1) Karnataka (2) Andhra Pradesh (3) Maharashtra 
  • Total Foodgrains (1) Uttar Pradesh (2) Punjab (3) Madhya Pradesh 
  • Gram (1) Madhya Pradesh (2) Maharashtra (3) Andhra Pradesh 
  • Arhar (Pulse) (1) Maharashtra (2) Madhya Pradesh (3) Karnataka 
  • Groundnut (1) Gujarat (2) Andhra Pradesh (3) Tamil Nadu 
  • Rapeseed And Mustard (1) Rajasthan (2) Haryana (3) Madhya Pradesh 
  • Cotton (Thousand Bales) (Cotton) (1) Gujarat (2) Maharashtra (3) Andhra Pradesh.
  • Jute Thousand Bales (1) West Bengal (2) Bihar (3) Assam
  • Coffee (1) Karnataka (2) Kerala (3) Tamil Nadu 
  • Tea (1) Assam (2) West Bengal (3) Tamil Nadu 
  • Natural Rubber (1) Kerala (2) Tamil Nadu (3) Karnataka 
  • Coconut (1) Kerala (2) Tamil Nadu (3) Karnataka 
  • Sugarcane (1) Uttar Pradesh (2) Maharashtra (3) Karnataka 
  • Tobacco (1) Andhra Pradesh (2) Gujarat (3) Karnataka 
  • Potato (1) Uttar Pradesh (2) West Bengal (3) Bihar 
  • Total Silk (Thousand Kg) (Silk) (1) Andhra Pradesh (2) Karnataka (3) West Bengal 
  • Banana (1) Maharashtra (2) Tamil Nadu (3) Gujarat 
  • Black Pepper (1) Kerala (2) Karnataka (3) Tamil Nadu 
  • Soyabean (1) Madhya Pradesh (2) Maharashtra (3) Rajasthan 
  • Oilseeds (1) Madhya Pradesh (2) Rajasthan (3) Gujarat 
  • Sheep (Thousand) (Sheep) (1) Andhra Pradesh (2) Rajasthan (3) Karnataka 
  • Total Milk (1) Uttar Pradesh (2) Punjab (3) Rajasthan
State (2005)Barren Land Sq KmGo On Area. Of %
Rajasthan10145429.64
Jammu And Kashmir7020269.24
M. Q.5713418.53
Maharashtra4927516.01
Andhra Pradesh4526716.45
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