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India River System Drainage System Of India

glaciers in india

A Glacier Is An Ice Mass That Moves Slowly From A High Point To A Low Point.

The World’s Largest Glaciers Are Found Outside The Polar Regions (Karakoram And Himalayan Ranges). 

Some Of The Main Glaciers Of The Karakoram Range Are 

  • Siachen (Largest In The World) – 72 Sq Km (Area)
  • Fedchenko
  • Hispar
  • Biafo 
  • Baltoro

India River System

Rivers In India Can Be Mainly Divided Into Two Parts

  • • Himalayan Rivers Drainage System
  • • Peninsular Rivers Drainage System
India River System - Drainage System Of India
India River System – Drainage System Of India

the himalayan rivers

The Rivers Originating From The Himalayas Flow For Twelve Months (Perennial Rivers) Some Of Its Major Rivers Are As Follows

the indus river system

  • The Source Of The Indus River Is The Sanokhwab Glacier Located Near Lake Mansarovar In Tibet (China). 
  • The Length Of This River Is 2880 Km. While Its Length In India Is 709 Km. Is. It Eventually Merges Into The Arabian Sea Through Pakistan. 
  • The Tributaries Flowing Along The Indus River Are The Rivers Of Jammu And Kashmir- Gartang, Shyok, Shigar, Nubra, Gilgit. 

 The Rest Of The Rivers And Their Origin Are As

NamePoint Of OriginConfluence / EstuaryLength (Km)
Rakas Tal Situated Near Mansarovar Lake
Chenab River1050
RaviNear Rohtang Pass In Kangra DistrictChenab River720
DiameterFloor Near Rohtang PassSutlej River770
JhelumSheshnag Lake Near Barenag (Kashmir)Chenab River725
ChenabBaralacha Pass (Lahol-Sfti)Indus River1800

Punjab-Haryana Ground

This Plain Is Formed By The Sutlej, Ravi And Beas Rivers. Its Average Altitude Is 250 Meters. This Ground Is Mainly Constructed From Bangad. A Narrow Belt Affected By Floods Is Found On The Banks Of The Rivers In This Plain. Which Is Called A Bet. The Land Between Two Rivers Is Called Doab. 

  • 1. Visht Doab : Between Beas And Sutlej 
  • 2. Bari Doab : Between Vyas And Ravi 
  • 3. Rachna Doab : Between Ravi And Chenav 
  • 4. Chaj Doab : Between Chenab And Jhelum 
  • 5. Sindh Sagar Doab : Between Jhelum, Chenab And Indus 

Note :-

  • The Sutlej River Forms An Extraordinary Canyon In The Nari Khorsan Province Of Tibet, Which Is Similar To The Grand Canyon Of The Colorado River (USA). 
  • According To The Indus Water Treaty Between India And Pakistan In 1960 AD, India Can Use Only 20% Of The Water Of The Indus, Jhelum And Chenab Rivers. 
  • The Sanskrit Name Of Jhelum Is Vitasta, Askini Or Chandrabhaga Of Chenab, Purushni Or Iravati Of Ravi, Vipassa Of Vyas Or Shatundri Of Argikia Tathasatlaj.

ganga river system

  • The River Ganges Receives Its Name At Devprayag Where The Bhagirathi (Originating Place- Gangotri) Meets The Alaknanda (Originating Place- Badrinath).  
  • Earlier It Meets Mandakini (Originating Place Of Kedarnath) At Alaknanda. 
  • The Total Length Of The Ganges River Is 2525 Km. Out Of Which 1450 Km In Uttaranchal And Uttar Pradesh, 445 Km In Bihar. And 520 Km In West Bengal. Is. 

• The Tributaries Of Ganga Are As FollowsShow 102550100 EntriesSearch:

NamePoint Of OriginConfluence / EstuaryLength (Km)
YamunaGlacier In Yamunotri Situated On The Western Slope Of BandarpunchGanga River (Allahabad)1375
ChambalJanapav Hill Located Near Mhow In Madhya PradeshYamuna River1050
GhagraMatsatung GlacierThe River Ganges1080
GandakNepalThe River Ganges425
KosiNorth Of Gosai Dham PeakThe River Ganges730
BetwaVindhyachal MountainsYamuna River480
SonAmarkantak HillsThe River Ganges780
  • Yamuna Is The Largest Tributary Of The Ganges. Chambal, Sindh, Betba And Ken Are Its Own Tributaries. 
  • The Hooghly River (In Kolkata) Is A Major Distributor Of The Ganges. 
  • Ganga Is Known As Padma In Bangladesh. Padma, From The Brahmaputra (Whose Name Is Jamuna In Bangladesh). It Mixes And Falls Into The Bay Of Bengal. The Ganges And The Brahmaputra Form The World’s Largest Delta, The Sundarbans Delta In Bangladesh. 
  • Meghna From Padma Before Falling Into Bay Of Bengal. A Major Distributary Called (Meghna) Emerges.

the brahmaputra river system

  • It Is 2900 Km. The Long River Originates From The Chemayungdung Glacier Located Near Lake Mansarovar. 
  • Its Name Is Sangpo (Sangp O) In Tibet (China) And Dihang In Arunachal Pradesh Upon Entering India. 
  • In Assam It Is Called Brahmaputra And In Bangladesh It Is Called Jamuna. 
  • Its Tributaries Are Subanseri, Kameng, Dhansiri, Manas, Teesta Etc. 
  • The Ganges And The Brahmaputra Form The World’s Largest Delta (Sundarvan).

Note :-

  • It Is Worth Noting That Ganga Is The Longest River In India And The Brahmaputra Is The Longest River In Terms Of Total Length Of Rivers Flowing In India.
  •  The Brahmaputra Is The Largest River Of India (By Volume Of Water).

peninsular rivers

Almost All Of These Rivers Are Seasonal, That Is, They Do Not Flow For Twelve Consecutive Months But Depend On Rainfall. 

These Can Be Divided Into Two Parts – The Eastern Flowing Rivers And The Western Flowing Rivers. 

1. Eastern Flowing Rivers 
  • All These Rivers Drain Into The Bay Of Bengal And Form Deltas. The Following Are The Major Rivers

Show 102550100 EntriesSearch:

NamePoint Of OriginConfluence / EstuaryLength (Km)
KaveriBrahmagiri Hills Located In Coorg District Of KarnatakaBay Of Bengal805
Dark WomanWestern Ghat Mountains Near MahabaleshwarBay Of Bengal1327
Godavari64 Kms Southwest Of Nashik District (Maharashtra). Situated Away, A Hill In The Village Of TryambakBay Of Bengal1465
TungabhadraGhat Hills West Of KarnatakaKrishna River640
PennarNandidurga Hill (Karnataka)Bay Of Bengal570
MahanadiNear Singhwa In Rampur District Of Madhya Pradesh (Near Cuttack)Bay Of Bengal858
  • Godavari Is Also Called Vriddha Ganga Or Dakshin Ganga. Its Tributaries Are Manjra, Penganga, Wardha, Indravati, Vainganga, Shabari Etc. 
  • The Tributaries Of Mahanadi Are Ib, Seonath, Hasdo, Mand, Leech, Tel Etc. 
  • The Tributaries Of Krishna Are – Koyna, Dudhganga, Panchganga, Bhima, Tungabhadra, Musi. 
  • The Kaveri Is Less Seasonal In Nature Than Other Rivers, That Is, It Holds Water For A Longer Period. The Reason For This Is That Its Upper Part Receives Water From The South-West Monsoon In Summer And The Lower Part Receives Water From The Returning North-East Monsoon In Winter. It Is The Most Used River Of India. 9095% Of Its Irrigation And Water-Power Potential Has Been Utilized. 
  • The Tributaries Of Kaveri Are Hemavati, Lokpavani, Shimsa, Lakshmanatirtha Etc. 
  • Apart From These, Two Small Rivers Named Suvarna Rekha And Brahmani Also Emerge From The Plateau Of Ranchi And Fall Into The Bay Of Bengal. It Forms A Delta Between The Deltas Of Hooghly And Mahanadi.
2. Western Flowing Rivers

It Flows Westwards And Does Not Form A Delta. Major Rivers AreShow 102550100 EntriesSearch:

NarmadaA Place Called Amarkantakam Located In The Vindhyachal Mountain RangesGulf Of Khambhat1057
TaptiNear Multai Nagar Of Betul District (MP)Gulf Of Khambhat724
LoverVindhyachal Mountain RangeGulf Of Khambhat560
LooneyNag Pahar
(Aravalli Mountains) Located In Ajmer District
Gulf Of Kutch450
GhaggarHimalayas Near KalkaHanumangarh (Rajasthan)494
SabarmatiSouth Western Part Of Udaipur District. (Aravati Mountains)Rann Of Kutch416
  • The Narmada Forms The Dhuandhar Falls In Bhedaghat (Madhya Pradesh). Its Main Tributaries Are – Hiran, Burner, Banjar, Sher, Sugar, Tawa Etc. 
  • Tapti Or Tapi Is Known As The Twin River Of Narmada. Its Tributaries Are- Purna, Betul, Arunavati, Ganjal Etc. 
  • Luni Is Also Known As The Salt River. 
  • The Shravati River Originates From The Western Ghats. It Forms The Famous Jog Or Gorsoppa Falls Which Is The Tallest (289 M) Waterfall In India. 
3. Inland Rivers
  • Some Rivers Are Such That They Do Not Reach The Ocean And Get Lost On The Way. These Are Called Inland Drainage Rivers.
  • The Ghaggar River Is The Main Example, It Is A Seasonal River That Originates From The Lower Slopes Of The Himalayas (Near Kalka) And Disappears At Anusargad (Rajasthan). Ghaggar Itself Is Considered To Be The Saraswati Of The Vedic Period. 
  • Other Examples Are Luni, Kantali, Savi, Kakni Etc.

indian Lake

  • Chilka Lake (Orissa) Is The Largest + Lagcan Lake In India.
  •  Wular Lake (Jammu And Kashmir) Is The Largest Freshwater Lake.
  • Lonar Lake (Maharashtra) Is Formed By Volcanic Action.
  • The Highest Glacial-Formed Lake In India Is Devtal Lake. It Is Located In The Garhwal Himalayas.
  • Industrial Production Of Salt Is Done From Sambhar Lake (Rajasthan).
LakeConcerned State
Chilka LakeOrissa
Hussain Sagar LakeAndhra Pradesh
Sambhar LakeRajasthan
Dal LakeJammu And Kashmir
Wular LakeJammu And Kashmir
Didbana LakeRajasthan
Kolleru LakeAndhra Pradesh
Pulicat LakeTamil Nadu
Sheshnag LakeJammu And Kashmir
Manasbal LakeJammu And Kashmir

Note: – The Largest Man-Made Lake In India Is Indira Sagar, Which Is The Reservoir Of Omkaleshwar, Maheshwar And Sardar Sarovar Dam Project (Gujarat-Madhya Pradesh).

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