What is the endocrine system | Function | Diagram | Disease

What is the endocrine system | Function | Diagram | Disease

Endocrine System – This Is A System Of Ductless And Ductless Glands, In Which The Hormones Secreted By Different Glands Control The Activities Of The Body.

Endocrine System – Endocrine Glands Are Ductless Glands Which Are Studied Under Endocrine Science Of Biology .

Endocrine System – Scientist Edison Is Considered To Be The Father Of Endocrine Science.

Endocrine System – Hormone-Like Chemical Substances Are Produced By The Endocrine Glands.

What is the endocrine system | Function | Diagram | Disease
What is the endocrine system | Function | Diagram | Disease

Hormones

Hormones – The Term Hormone Was Coined By The Scientists Named Starling And Bellis.

Hormones – Hormones Act As Chemical Messengers Inside The Organism.

Substances That Stimulate Biological Activities Are Called Hormones – Hormones Which Are Formed From Substances Such As Cholesterol And Amino Acids In Addition To Proteins.

The Lower Endocrine Glands Are Found In The Human Body . ,

Which Are Like This.

Pituitary Glands , Thyroid | Gland, Parathyroid, Thymus Gland, Adrenal Gland, Islets Of Langerhans , Sex Gland Etc. Are The Major Endocrine Glands . In These, Only ‘Langerhans’ Island’ Is Having Tubule. It Is Related To Both The Endocrine System And The Digestive System .

It Is In The Lower Part Of The Brain. Is Situated.

It Controls All Other Endocrine Glands .

That Is Why It Is Called ‘ Master Gland ‘ .

From This, Growth Hormones, Thyroid Stimulating Hormones Hormones , Fascicles Stimulating Hormones – Hormones Etc. 11 Hormones – Hormones Are Released.

Hormones – Hormones Are Made Up Of Proteins And Steroids (Fatty Substances) That Control Biological Processes.

Hormones Released From Pituitary Gland – Major Functions Of Hormones – Control Over Body Growth, Production Of Eggs In Female And Sperm In Male, Control On Milk Production, Water Balance In The Body, Metabolism Have Control Over.

In The Case Of Excessive Secretion Of ‘ Growth Hormones ‘ From The Pituitary Gland, The Person Becomes Taller And In The Case Of Less Secretion, A Dwarf

Endocrine System – This Is A System Of Ductless And Ductless Glands, In Which The Hormones Secreted By Different Glands Control The Activities Of The Body.
Endocrine System – This Is A System Of Ductless And Ductless Glands, In Which The Hormones Secreted By Different Glands Control The Activities Of The Body.

Thyroid Glands

It   Is Known As Tempo Of Life . This Pituitary Gland  Is Located Just Below The Pituitary  Glands  .

It Is The Largest Endocrine Gland In The Body. Hormones Released From It   – The Main Function Of ‘  Thyroxin ‘  Is To Control The Breathing-Rate.

An Element Called ‘Iodine’ Is Found In ‘Thyroxine’. For This Reason, The Low Secretion Of ‘Thyroxine’ Causes ‘Goitre Disease 

‘Thyroid’ –  Thyroid  Gland Is Also Known By Another Name – “Adam Apple”. ,

Para Thyroid

This Thyroid  Is  Found Under The Thyroid. The “Para-Thomone” Hormone Secreted By It Controls The Amount Of Calcium And Phosphorus In The Bone.

Adrenal  Gland

The Adrenal Gland Is Called The Emergency Gland   . It Is Situated  Above The Kidney  . This Leads To The Secretion Of Adrenaline Hormone   . The Main Function Of This Hormone – Hormone  Is  To Control  The Metabolism Of ‘Carbohydrate, Protein And Fat’  .

In A State Of Fear And Excitement , The “Adrenaline” Hormone- Hormones  , Suddenly Secreted From The End  Of The Adrenal Gland  ,  Prompts  Humans To Face Difficult Situations.

It’s Called The Fight Or Fly Hormone.

This Is The Second Function Of This Hormone.

Islets Of Langerhans

They Are Found In The Pancreas. It Is A Part Which Is Known As Organ From The Digestive System And Known As Gland In The Endocrine System, Which Controls The Reaction Of Starch And Sugar.

Due To Its Deficiency, Sugar Goes Into The Blood, Which Increases The Density Of The Blood, Causing Blood To Clot. The Pressure In The ‘Blood Vessels’ Increases, Which Can Cause ‘Brain Haemorrhage’ And ‘Heart Attack’.

Similarly, A Lack Of Insulin Increases The ‘Sugar Level In The Blood’, Leading To  A Disease Called ‘Diabetes’ (High Blood Pressure In The Case Of ‘Diabetes’; Stress, Hypertension), Heart There Is A Possibility Of Stroke And Brain Haemorrhage.

Sex Gland

It Is Of 2 Types (I) Male Hormone-  Hormones  Gland, It Is Called ‘Testes’.

Out Of This 2 Hormones  Hormones  – Testosterone And Androsterone Are Released.

(Ii) The Female Hormone Gland, It Is Called ‘Ovary’.

It Releases Two Hormones – Estrogen And Progesterone. Estrogen  Controls Sexual Maturity, Development Of The Mammary Gland And Menstruation In Women  Progesterone Controls Pregnancy.

That Is Why It Is Also Called ‘Pregnancy  Hormones  ‘ . Estrogen Estrogen Is Responsible For The Development Of Secondary Sexual Traits.

Important Facts

  1. What Is The Windpipe Made Of?  Of Cartilage (Cartilage-Flexible Bone).
  2. How Many ‘Air Vesicles’ (ALVEOLI) Are There In Adult Human Lungs? -30 To 40 Crores.
  3. Which Gas Is Consumed In Maximum Quantity During Respiration? -Nitrogen (78%).
  4. 4% Of Carbon Dioxide Is Released During Respiration, But How Much Is It Absorbed? -0.03% |
  5. What Is The Maximum Gas Holding Capacity Of Lungs? -5 Liters.
  6. By What Process Does The Exchange Of Gases Take Place? -DIFFUSION.
  7. Which Acid Is Produced When You Work Hard, Due To Which One Feels Tired? -Lactic Acid.
  8. What Is The Unit Of ‘Kidney’? -‘Nephron’ (NEPHRON) |
  9. Yellow Color Of ‘Urine’ Is Due To -CREATININE |
  10. Where Does The FILTRATION Take Place? -In BOWMANN CAPSUL.

What Is Endocrine System ?

It Is A System Of Ductless And Ductless Glands, In Which The Hormones Secreted By Different Glands Control The Activities Of The Body.

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